Bis(2-chloroethyl)amine hydrochloride, also known as nitrogen mustard hydrochloride, is a chemical compound that belongs to the family of nitrogen mustard alkylating agents. It is an organic compound with the chemical formula C4H10Cl2N.HCl.
This compound has been used historically as a chemical warfare agent due to its toxic and blistering effects. It was commonly known as "HN2" and was used during World War I. However, its use as a warfare agent has been largely discontinued due to its extreme toxicity and long-term health risks.
In the field of medicine, bis(2-chloroethyl)amine hydrochloride has been used as an anticancer drug. It is a type of alkylating agent that works by damaging the DNA in rapidly dividing cancer cells, thereby inhibiting their growth and causing cell death.